Harvard Medical School
1:00 PM – 3:30 PM EST
For decades the psychosocial impact of police shootings and extrajudicial killing of Black people has been studied, researched and talked about. Children exposed to violent events in their homes, schools, and larger communities can lead to a wide range of transient or chronic discrete symptoms. Studies find that these children are at great risk of developing more pervasive psychiatric and behavioral disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress and conduct disorders.
What are the long-term impact on these children’s ability to thrive and become healthy productive adults? How does experiencing childhood trauma from police violence, within their community, factor into their physical, mental, and social health? What is the role of the healthcare system to address, through prevention and intervention, the ill effects of police violence on the maturation of children?
Our esteemed ensemble of speakers will discuss these and other critical issues that facilitate or present barriers to health equity. Please join us for this important discussion on how health professionals and community leaders can better understand the long-term impact of acts of violence on children, why it’s important to do so, and how we can support patients and communities suffering the after-effects of police and other extreme violence.
Understand long-term effect of exposure to police violence during childhood.
Articulate how to integrate childhood exposure to violence into health care plans.
Propose research to develop policy changes to protect and prevent childhood exposure to police violence.
1:00pm – Welcome and introduction of Moderator
Welcome and Introduction – Mary E. Fleming, M.D., M.P.H.’16, President
Moderator – Phillip Murray, M.D., M.P.H.’17
1:20 pm – Panel discussion
Moderator – Phillip Murray, M.D., M.P.H.’17
Fatimah Loren Dreier
Josefina Alvarado Mena, Esq.
Sarah Vinson, M.D.
2:30 pm – Q & A
Participants via Chat
2:50 pm – Vision Award and Closing remarks
Mary E. Fleming, MD, MPH
Chief Executive Officer, Safe Passages
Josefina Alvarado Mena was awarded an Echoing Green Fellowship in 1996 after finishing her J.D. to create the Educational Empowerment Program to provide free legal education and services to students in the school to prison pipeline in Oakland, California. In 1999, Josefina was recruited by an incoming Superintendent of Oakland Unified School District to lead equity reforms and head the Department of Student, Family, and Community Services. During her tenure she helped expand after-school programs, violence prevention programs, parent engagement and mental health programs throughout the school district. As director of the department, she also led the effort to develop the Safe Passage Middle School Strategy that resulted in a 72% decrease in suspensions for violence at target high need middle schools in Oakland. Josefina was then recruited to lead Safe Passages, a city-wide initiative designed to reduce violence among the children and youth of Oakland. Josefina was one of only 5 employees when she arrived at Safe Passages. Currently the organization has a staff of 125.
As the Chief Executive Officer for Safe Passages, Josefina has grown the organization from a foundation funded initiative to a leading independent 501(c)(3) Multi-service Nonprofit Organization that implements a continuum of programs that serve children and youth, from birth through college and career. Safe Passages is currently funded by the California Reducing Disparities Project in the California Department of Public Health to address mental health disparities among African American youth through the Law and Social Justice Life Coaching Program. A native of Oakland, Josefina grew up in one of the neighborhoods served by Safe Passages. She received her B.A. in Ethnic Studies from the University of California, Berkeley in 1993, and a Juris Doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley School of Law in 1996. She is also a recipient of the following honors and awards: Echoing Green Global Fellowship; Outstanding Education Advocate 1999, People United for a Better Oakland (PUEBLO); Advocacy Award, California Latino Civil Rights Network 1998, James Irvine Foundation California Leadership Award 2009, and Stanford Social Entrepreneurs in Residence Fellowship 2016.
President, Reede Scholars, Inc.
Dr. Mary E Fleming, MD, MPH, FACOG is a board-certified OB/GYN with more than a decade of clinical experience. She completed her medical degree at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and her residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Meharry Medical College. Due to her interests in eradicating health inequities and improving healthcare for the underserved, she matriculated to Harvard Medical School as a Commonwealth Fellow in Minority Health Policy where she also obtained a Masters in Public Health. She practiced as a generalist in Norristown, PA for four years before deciding to transition to a full-time locum tenens physician. In this capacity, she has worked in several states across the country and globally.
LHD Regional Medical Director
Chairperson, Reede Scholars, Inc. Annual Health Equity Symposium Committee
Dr. Shantel Hébert-Magee serves as the new Regional Medical Director for Region One, the Greater New Orleans area. A physician, health policy advisor and minority health strategist, she currently serves as the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) Laboratory Director for the Office of Public Health. As a clinical pathologist and researcher, she has focused her clinical-effectiveness and device-development research on addressing early detection and diagnosis of pancreatic and biliary malignancies. She is the founder of Under the Scope Foundation, Inc. a 501(c)(3) examining the intersection between technology, health access and education to mitigate the sociobehavioral and environmental factors associated with disease in underserved communities.
Dr. Hébert-Magee is a graduate of Mt. Carmel Academy in New Orleans. She completed her undergraduate studies at Clark Atlanta University, earned a medical degree from Georgetown University School of Medicine and an MPH in health policy from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
Executive Director of the Health Alliance for Violence Intervention
Pozen Commonwealth Fund Fellow in Health Equity Leadership at Yale School of Management
Fatimah is the Executive Director of the Health Alliance for Violence
Intervention (HAVI) and a Pozen Commonwealth Fund Fellow in Health Equity Leadership at Yale School of Management. The HAVI is a national network of hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) serving violently injured patients by addressing the social determinants of health. Through innovative community/hospital partnerships in over 80 Cities in the US and abroad, the HAVI has expanded health-based, trauma-informed care by cultivating a powerful national alliance of ER doctors, trauma surgeons, researchers, violence prevention professionals, and communities impacted by violence. Fatimah’s vision for social change has been shaped by a rich heritage of resilience in the wake of harm: from her father‘s incarceration to her family’s experiences with homelessness. She is fighting for a system that centers racial equity, preventative public health strategies, and trauma-informed care delivery. Prior to joining the HAVI, Fatimah was Deputy Director of Equal Justice USA, a national criminal justice reform organization in which she led an award-winning program on community trauma and police community relations. Fatimah has received numerous honors and distinctions including 2018 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Culture of Health Leaders Fellowship. She is a psychotherapist by training and a proud Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Pennsylvania. Her work at the HAVI has been featured in The Washington Post, TIME Magazine, NY Times, CNN, NBC News, Health Affairs, and The Trace. Twitter @fatimah_loren
Director of Emergency Psychiatry
UC Davis Health
Phillip Murray, MD is a physician leader currently working in adult and child psychiatry with an interest in health systems and innovation focused on vulnerable populations. He has obtained a Master's of Public Health with focus in health management from Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health through the Commonwealth Fund Mongan Fellowship in Minority Health Policy. He completed a practicum project looking at ways to expand behavioral health services for a large health system. Prior to that he completed a Chief Residency in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital Child and Adolescent program of Columbia and Cornell Universities, New York, NY. Dr. Murray is committed to pipeline projects for underrepresented minorities in medicine, as evidenced by his prior role as Chairman of the American Psychiatric Association/SAMHSA Minority Fellows Program. Dr. Murray received his medical degree from Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA in 2010.
Currently he is providing clinical leadership to provide direct care and inform workflows for patients experiencing psychiatric emergencies in the emergency department at UC Davis Health and the 12-bed behavioral health unit. Also directly supervising residents and medical studies as the site director for undergraduate and graduate medical education programs for emergency psychiatry services.
He completed his adult psychiatry residency at Harvard Medical School, Cambridge Health Alliance in 2014. He has served in a variety of clinical settings, which continues to inform his work at the individual and systems levels.
Founder and Principal Consultant of Lorio Forensics
Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics at Morehouse School of Medicine
Adjunct Faculty at Emory School of Medicine
Dr. Sarah Y. Vinson is a triple board-certified Child & Adolescent, Adult and Forensic Psychiatrist. She is the Founder and Principal Consultant of Lorio Forensics, a multidisciplinary forensic mental health expert consultation company grounded in relevant clinical experience and cultural and structural competency. She has provided direct patient care in juvenile and adult correctional facilities and served as a forensic mental health expert in family, civil, criminal, state and federal courts. Dr. Vinson is a sought-after speaker, educator and forensic expert. She is an Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Pediatrics at Morehouse School of Medicine and holds an Adjunct Faculty appointment at Emory School of Medicine. In addition to her numerous engagements at medical meetings, she has been an invited lecturer at multiple national attorney and judges conferences. She has won numerous awards in recognition of her leadership and service, including the Outstanding Young Alumna Award from the University of Florida College of Medicine in 2018. Dr. Vinson is a proud graduate of Florida A & M University and completed her training in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School/Cambridge Health Alliance in adult/general psychiatry and in both Child & Adolescent and Forensic Psychiatry at Emory School of Medicine.
Thank you to our Sponsors
Racial inequities in policing are well documented. Recent events have led to increased media attention. Men of color – particularly Black and Native American men are much more likely to have fatal encounters with police than white men. Members of other marginalized communities including Black women, members of LGBTQ+ communities, people with mental health or substance use disorders, and individuals with developmental disabilities are also at increased risk of experiencing negative police encounters and can suffer emotional, mental, and physical harm as the result of these interactions. Numerous health profession organizations have renewed declarations that police violence is a public health issue. What is the origin of our current system of policing in the United States? Why is policing reform important now? What is the role of the health professions community in addressing this public health crisis? These, and other important questions are addressed today with our presenters. We welcome your input and feedback.
Hannah Cooper, ScD is the first Rollins Chair of Substance Use Disorders at Emory. She is a Professor in the Department of Behavioral, Social, and Health Education Sciences at the Rollins School of Public Health. Dr. Cooper directs Spark, a center focused on helping to end suffering from substance use disorders and related harms, like overdoses, hepatitis C, HIV, and neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome.
Her research expertise includes studying the social determinants of health, with a particular focus on the social determinants of drug use, drug users’ health, and health disparities. She applies multilevel, geospatial, and qualitative methods to explore these topics. Dr. Cooper co-authored “From Enforcers to Guardians: A Public Health Primer on Ending Police Violence,” with Mindy Thompson Fullilove, MD.
Brian J. Swann, DDS, MPH serves as the Emeritus Chief of Oral Health for the Cambridge Health Alliance and conducted the Oral Physician Program within the General Practice Residency, a model that integrates and builds capacity between oral health, primary care, behavioral health, nursing and pharmacy. He recently assisted in acquiring a $4.5 million multidisciplinary expansion. Dr. Swann now serves as a consultant and will assist in creating a clinical laboratory to help develop the integrated model.
As an Assistant Professor at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine and the Harvard Medical School, he assisted with introducing oral health into that curriculum and bringing the oral health examination into the medical core curriculum. This culminated into Oral Health Day. At the Harvard School of Dental Medicine, he has a certificate in Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology.
Dr. Swann is involved with outreach projects in Boston and directs a pipeline project for the Wampanoag Tribe on Martha’s Vineyard and Cape Cod. Most recently, he cofounded and now serves as a member of the Advisory Committee for the Massachusetts State Office of Oral Health, and for the Boston Healthcare for the Homeless.
Dr. Swann is a Joseph L. Henry Fellow from the Harvard School of Medicine. He received a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree from the University of California, San Francisco, and a Masters degree from the Harvard-Chan School of Public Health. He serves as the co-chair for the National Dental Association’s Global Oral Outreach Committee. His recent work has been serving vulnerable populations in Massachusetts, Tennessee, Jamaica, Haiti, and East and South Africa; and refugee populations in Lebanon and Greece.
Shairi R. Turner MD, MPH is the Chief Transformation Officer for Crisis Text Line a Not-For-Profit volunteer-supported organization delivering crisis interventions using a text platform. She is responsible for guiding the organizations’ culture transformation at a time when it is at a necessary inflection point. Previously she served at CTL as the Chief Medical Officer from 2017-2019. In this role she provided oversight to the Crisis Supervision team and led many of the clinical policy and quality initiatives within the Organization. A Stanford graduate and a Harvard-trained Internist and Pediatrician with a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health, Dr. Turner has a long history in organization transformation. In 2005 Dr. Turner was appointed as the first Chief Medical Director in the eleven-year history of the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). She established the Office of Health Services that provided oversight of the provision of Health, Mental Health, Disability and Substance Abuse services to the nearly 100,000 justice-involved youth. During her tenure with the Department of Juvenile Justice, Dr. Turner’s focus also included the impact of childhood trauma (physical, sexual and emotional abuse) on youth involved in the juvenile justice system, as well as the importance of gender specific services designed to meet the unique needs of girls in the system. She has given numerous presentations nationally on issues relating to health/mental health care in the juvenile justice setting. She was instrumental in the introduction of trauma informed care to DJJ.
As the Deputy Secretary for Health and Interim State Surgeon General for the Florida Department of Health (DOH), she led the legislatively mandated reorganization for one of the largest state public health departments in the country. After her departure, she was a faculty consultant for the National Center for Trauma Informed Care where she performed numerous national trainings on the neurobiology of trauma to state and local entities including mental health and criminal/juvenile justice administrators and staff. Dr. Turner was the Project Co-Director for the U.S. Office on Women’s Health-funded Trauma Informed Care e-Cases, a comprehensive series of online virtual patient cases targeting primary care providers these cases are focused on effective approaches to the care of patients who have survived traumatic life experiences such as sexual assault, interpersonal and community violence, military sexual trauma, child abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction. She has presented internationally on the neurobiology of trauma (Shanghai, China). She currently also holds a Research Faculty appointment at the Florida State University, College of Social Work and is a Voluntary Associate Professor of Public Health Sciences at the University of Miami, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine. The native of New York City earned an undergraduate degree in Biology from Stanford University in 1991, a Doctor of Medicine degree from Case Western University School of Medicine in Cleveland, Ohio and in 1996 she was also inducted into the Alpha Omega Alpha Honors Medical Society. Dr. Turner then completed the four-year Harvard Combined Internal Medicine and Pediatrics Residency Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Children's Hospital of Boston in 2000. From 2001 to 2002, she was a Commonwealth Fund/Harvard University Fellow in Minority Health Policy and earned a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health with a concentration in Health Policy and Management. She is married and the mother of two teenage student-athletes.
Deputy Chief Celeste Murphy joined the Atlanta Police Department in 1997. During her tenure, she has served as a Patrol Officer, Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Captain. Her first assignment included working Zone 1 as beat and bicycle patrol officer. In 2002, she was appointed Detective and joined the Vice and Narcotics Units where she conducted numerous search warrants for narcotics and vice details.
As a Sergeant, she worked in Zone 3 and the Office of the Chief, Staff Inspections. During her time in Staff Inspections, she oversaw the unit that conducted an internal audit of all of the components of the Atlanta Police Department to determine the extent, adherence and practically of policies and processes while identifying areas for improvement.
After attaining the rank of Lieutenant, she was assigned to Zone 2 and served as the Morning Watch Commander. Her next assignment was the Commander of Zone 4 Criminal Investigations, and soon after she was appointed Commander of the Special Victims Unit. As the commander of the Special Victims Unit, she managed investigations of adult sex crimes, child exploitation, human trafficking, child abuse/neglect, runaway/missing children, and domestic violence.
In December 2015, Deputy Chief Murphy was appointed to the rank of Captain and assumed the role of Night Commander. As the Night Commander, she served as the on-duty command level supervisor during morning watch hours and provided command level supervision at significant events. As Captain, she also served as the assistant commander of the Code Enforcement Section and helped to enforce the city’s residential and commercial property codes. In 2016, she was appointed to the rank of Major and selected to lead the Office of Professional Standards.
Deputy Chief Murphy is a New York City native and proud mother of four sons. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Mathematics from Syracuse University and a Masters of Criminal Justice from Saint Leo University. Additionally, she is a graduate of the Northwestern University School of Police Staff and Command. Major Murphy is a member of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, and a current board member for the Georgia Chapter of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives.
Phillipe M. Cunningham (pronounced fil-LEAP) is the Minneapolis City Councilmember representing the 4th Ward in North Minneapolis. He is the first and currently only out trans man of color elected to office in the United States. Councilman Cunningham serves as Chair of the Minneapolis City Council’s Public Health and Safety committee and is the lead Councilmember for the city’s transforming community safety work.
Prior to being elected and unseating a 50-year family political dynasty in 2017, Councilman Cunningham served in former Mayor Betsy Hodges’ administration as her Senior Policy Aide for education, racial equity, and LGBTQ+ rights. He also previously worked with youth as a special education teacher and youth worker for over 10 years. As a policy wonk and fierce community advocate, CM Cunningham’s primary goal is to work alongside his neighbors to build intergenerational peace and prosperity in North Minneapolis.
They graduated from DePaul University with a BA in Chinese and is completing their Master’s in Organizational Leadership and Civic Engagement at Claremont Lincoln University. His writings have been published in The Guide for White Women Who Teach Black Boys and Millennial Compact with America. CM Cunningham and his husband Lane are passionate about rescuing animals and have a total of 8 fur babies – 6 dogs and 2 cats.
Barry Friedman serves as the Faculty Director of the Policing Project at New York University School of Law, where he is the Jacob D. Fuchsberg Professor of Law and Affiliated Professor of Politics. The Policing Project is dedicated to strengthening policing through ordinary democratic processes; it drafts best practices and policies for policing agencies, including on issues of technology and surveillance, assists with transparency, conducts cost-benefit analysis of policing practices, and leads engagement efforts between policing agencies and communities. Friedman has taught, litigated, and written about constitutional law, the federal courts, policing, and criminal procedure for over thirty years. He serves as the Reporter for the American Law Institute’s new Principles of the Law, Policing.
Friedman is the author of Unwarranted: Policing Without Permission (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, February 2017), and has written numerous articles in scholarly journals, including on democratic policing, alternatives to police responses to 911 calls, and the Fourth Amendment. He appears frequently in the popular media, including the New York Times, Slate, Huffington Post, Politico, and the New Republic. He also is the author of the critically acclaimed The Will of the People: How Public Opinion Has Influenced the Supreme Court and Shaped the Meaning of the Constitution (2009). Friedman graduated with honors from the University of Chicago and received his law degree magna cum laude from Georgetown University Law Center. He clerked for Judge Phyllis A. Kravitch of the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit.
D’Nyce L. Williams, MD, MPH, MPA is an Associate Clinical Professor at Morehouse School of Medicine. She has served the Atlanta community for nearly 25 years as an Obstetrician-Gynecologist and is a tireless advocate for women’s health and well-being – especially those who are historically underserved. Dr. Williams was instrumental in the introduction of patient-centered, team-based specialty care to women veterans at the Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center (VA), with a special focus on the unique experiences of combat female veterans. During the Zika outbreak she served on a national level as an Emergency Operations Clinical Lead at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). She serves on the Board of Directors for MedCura Health (formerly Oakhurst Medical Centers, Inc.). Recently Dr. Williams has been involved in identifying comprehensive oral health care resources for under-insured and uninsured women who receive medical care at Grady Hospital Neighborhood Health Clinics and at the VA.
A California native, D’Nyce earned an undergraduate degree from the University of California (UC), Los Angeles and a Master of Public Health degree at UC Berkeley. She received her medical degree at UC Davis and residency training at UC San Francisco-Fresno. She completed the Commonwealth Fund/Harvard University Fellowship in Minority Health Policy (’02), and received the Master of Public Administration degree at the JFK School of Government at Harvard University. Her compassion and dedication have been recognized by several organizations.
Dr. Mary E. Fleming is an ardent champion of health equity. As President of the Reede Scholars, (2014- present) she hosts their interactive podcast, Reede Scholars Live! The platform promotes discussion of a variety of health equity topics with experts across the country. The organization continues to develop strategies for collective action among the Scholars to address health equity and social justice.
She completed her medical degree at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and her residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Meharry Medical College. Due to her interests in eradicating health inequities and improving healthcare for the underserved, she matriculated to Harvard Medical School as a Commonwealth Fellow in Minority Health Policy where she also obtained a Masters in Public Health. She practiced in Norristown, PA for four years before deciding to transition to a full-time locum tenens physician. In this capacity, she has worked in several states across the country. This practice model also allowed her to travel to Kenya for six months to volunteer with Our Lady of Lourdes Mission Hospital in Mutomo.
An international traveler, Fleming currently serves as a clinical Ob/Gyn in shortage areas in the northeast region. She continues to explore avenues to grow her skill set to serve the vulnerable populations of this country and globally, and recently, joined Cayaba Care as Founding Medical Director, based in Philadelphia, PA. Cayaba Care works to bridge the gap in maternal health by offering home based care.
Due to COVID-19, in lieu of our Annual Health Equity Symposium in Boston, MA, we produced a Virtual (through video and audio platforms) 3 series “Let’s Talk Digital Health & Health Equity” Symposium.
Wilson Wang, MD, MPH, MPA, currently practices as a pediatrician in New York City and has extensive global health experience in Rwanda and Liberia. In 2018, Dr. Wang founded Walking Doctors, a cloud-based electronic health system that works to transform healthcare quality by decreasing medical errors in low and middle income countries.
He speaks with us about life in New York City, how he started in the technology space and how electronic medical records can improve, and not hinder, the physician-patient relationship.
Edmondo Robinson, MD, MBA recently joined the Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, FL as the Senior Vice President and Chief Digital Innovation Officer. Prior to this position he spent almost 12 years at ChristianaCare in Wilmington, DE, lastly in the role of Chief Transformation Officer and Senior Vice President of Consumerism.
He speaks with us about his new position, the sabbatical which led to his transition into the digital health space and the challenges and opportunities of digital health innovation to improve value and increase equity in healthcare.